Global public-private partnerships ask for new business models; also in the public sector.
The new innovation landscape forces governments to reformulate their innovation strategies. Previously, the emphasis was on implementing an innovation policy based on cluster-driven local competitiveness. Now globalization requires a new type of innovation policy. There is a need to innovate the innovation policy.
Policy development through experience
Synocus has been internationally involved in different projects and research activities aiming at identifying and testing new forms of innovation approaches in countries such as Finland, Sweden, Italy and China. These experiences have been crystallized into some general guidelines for a state-of-the-art innovation policy:
- There is a need for a new form of public sector governance, simultaneously promoting global orchestration and local “co-opetition”. The innovation system has to allow for simultaneous collaboration and competition to stimulate fast development of selected core technologies.
- The innovation policy has to recognize and support orchestrators, or strategic managers, that take responsibility for knowledge assembly and technological integration to enable successful innovations to materialize.
- Funding has to become more strategic, supporting longer term research and development in key technologies and in fundamental new research areas.
- There has to be a mix of open and semi open innovation complementing more traditional proprietary and closed innovation.
- To secure scale advantages there is a need for transparent knowledge diffusion enabling the efficient gathering, synthesizing and dissemination of information within clusters and ecosystems.
- Speed and efficiency ask for constant upgrading of methods and tools for the innovation process.
- As the whole world becomes focused on challenge-driven innovation, the stakes are big and the political influence increases. This asks for true statesmanship to secure the necessary collaboration between the different actors: the industry, the research community, the public sector, and intermediaries on different levels: locally, regionally, nationally and even globally.
For innovation agencies traditionally focusing on motivating and encouraging researchers and small and medium sized companies locally it is a big leap to start to address the above mentioned global requirements relating to innovation policy implementation. As the examples where this approach has been used have shown, it is possible to find ways to do this. We believe that is the only way for traditional innovation agencies to continue to be significant actors in the future.